Social Security Policies in the Framework of Social Policy-making from the Islamic Approach

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 Sayyed Reza Husaini / Assistant Professor, Research Institute of Hawzeh and University                         

Mostafa Kazemi Najafabadi / Assistant Professor, Research Institute of Hawzeh and University Received: 2019/01/15 - Accepted: 2019/06/11                                                                                                                 



"Social policy-making" is defined as a set of actions taken to deal with social problems or to achieve social welfare and security. According to the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, all policy-making, including social policy-making, must take place within the framework of Islamic standards. Using an analytical-descriptive approach, this paper seeks to outline the general framework of social policy-making and its application to welfare and social security field. Based on the research findings, realizing the goals of social security in Islam requires a coordinated role of the private, charitable and public sectors. In this regard, the government acts as the social policy-maker in each of these three sectors. Social security policies in Islam have a different approach to conventional social security approaches in defining social ends. The government acts in the area of social security do not merely refer to the residual market mechanism rather it starts with the market mechanism itself and ends with the institutions of social Takaful and government (specific duties).

Keywords: Social security, Social policy-making, Charities, Islamic government.

JEL: H55, I38, P4.

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